Sardinia,   …why not?

The reasons to visit Sardinia are countless and the island remains a coveted destination because:

• the landscape is varied, almost as much as a great continent;

• vehicular traffic is generally modest, almost as much as on a street with limited traffic;

• the paved roads are smooth because of the type of asphalt used in our climates and for the little circulation of heavy vehicles; dirt-track road are popular and well-interconnected, never prohibited by local regulations;

• the Sardinian cuisine is traditionally simple; raw materials are zero-mile products so really genuine; highly sought as only happens where the extensive-intensive agriculture is limited and there is underpopulated territory;

• Wine is increasingly a masterpiece with a myriad of small and large wineries that challenge themselves in transforming the precious indigenous varieties;

• people are authentic, as the unique language spoken and identity that survived for millennia;

• traditions are proudly kept alive, a symbol and bulwark of culture, appreciated as the very essence of their identity and shared between generations;

• our fascinating history offered by our ancestors: the millennial nuragical people, contemporary of the ancient Egyptians, developed the megalithic fortress visible in every corner of the island, but without a written trace to dispel legends and interpretations;

• it offers a unique sea: a large choice of shade of colors and coastal morphology, exceptionally pristine and isolated of urbanization, rich in plant and animal species;

• it provides a surprising inland mountainous area, the Dolomites walls, great plains, rolling hilly areas with wheat and large wooded areas.

Morphology

Sardinia is definitely a region rich in environmental features and landscape particularities, not only because of its great dimensions (over 24,000 square Km), but mainly because of its geological history and its sparse population. In the middle of the western Mediterranean, it is between 120 and 190 Km from the Italian peninsula and from northern Africa. There are large uninhabited areas and mountain peaks that rarely exceed 1,000 meters, with the highest peak in the inland (Punta la Marmora in Gennargentu) that slightly exceeds the 1,800 meters. The average of reliefs is 380 m above sea level. Generally tourists have the impression that Sardinia is mostly with hilly terrain. Actually, the region has significant aspects closely mountainous, though only rarely alpine type. In fact, the ancient Sardinian mountain ranges were softened by erosion and the main ridges are the result of differential erosion of neighboring rocks of different origin and consistency. Therefore, in the reliefs made of schist, more easily eroded, prevail rounded peaks , as in the reliefs of the Gennargentu and Sulcis-Iglesiente; while in areas of outcrop of granite batholith, as in Gallura and in the Sarrabus, shapes are very more rugged till to form natural sculptural stones. In the central-eastern part of the island there are the so-called “Tacchi dell’Ogliastra” (the Heels of Ogliastra), real dolomite blocks that form vertical walls (maximum 100 meters).

Viabilities

The overall development of the regional road network is 8454 km, consisting of 3002 km of state roads, 5,452 km of provincial roads and 3,981 km consist of suburban municipal roads. There are no motorway sections. This network of roads was necessary to ensure the accessibility of this large island (24.00Kmq), rather than the human load resident. Consequently there is a very low circulation of motor vehicles and on average a good condition of the asphalt pavement. Certainly it should be also highlighted the extensive network of dirt roads and cart roads, often originated in the past to exploitation of inland areas (mining activities, forestry, artificial lakes, development land, marsh reclamation, grazing, etc.). Today, mostly abandoned they are, therefore, rarely crossed by motor vehicles and particularly suitable for travel with mountain bike and some tourer bike. For these reasons, obviously associated to landscapes/cultural/culinary features, as well as the little acclivity and the mild climate, the roads of Sardinia are coveted for bicycle tours.

Climate

The climate of Sardinia is typically Mediterranean, with mild winters and hot summers. Unquestionably touristic, with at least 300 days a year without rain and at least 200 days of clear sky (an estimated on average 2.500h of sunshine). In autumn good weather lasts until mid-November (Summer of St. Martin). During the winter (late December, in January), the weather conditions often cause a dry period (the dry, with sunshine for 15 days), followed by a short period of February with adverse weather (cold, but rarely below zero) with snowfall at high altitude. Since mid-March it is certainly spring, and from April begins to be pleasantly warm. In summer, along the coast there is always the fresh prevailing wind (Mistral) and the highest temperature are reached in the plains and hills, it again mitigated only in mountain villages. The warmest areas in winter are found along the coasts, especially in sheltered from the mistral and facing south / east. For lovers of mountain biking, it should be mentioned the period from 15/09 to 15/04, where every Thursday and Sunday is open the hunting season. In summary, we can say that except for the month of February (because wherever cold and rainy), and from July to August (because slightly boiling except some parts of the seaside), during whole year worth a ride of bicycle in Sardinia.